你为什么要上大学?

上周日由于加班,原先的翻译计划搁浅,现在搬家的事情也处理完了,重新恢复。昨天听到这篇Podcast,顺便翻译一下。

Why Are You Going to College

By Bob Roth

While in high school, most students begin to select a general career direction. Some make careful choices, while others leave things to chance. Either way, the process usually begins there. When college is in the offing, those young adults will attend college for a wide variety reasons. Those reasons usually fall into four distinct categories: Parents, Career, Money and Interests.
在高中的时候,大部分学生都开始选择一般的职业方向。有些人选择时很小心翼翼,而有些人则心存侥幸。无论何种方式,都拉开了求职生涯的序幕。当大学生涯开始时,这些年轻人会因为各种理由来上大学。而这些理由通常可以归为以下四类:父母,事业,金钱和兴趣。

Parents frequently try to steer their children into college. These parents generally recognize that many corporate employers now consider the college degree to be a requirement for administrative, supervisory, technical and management positions. However, college is not right for everyone. Some students aren’t ready. Others are better suited for careers in areas where a college education is not all that useful.
父母经常努力让他们的孩子考上大学。这些家长普遍认为现在许多企业雇主将大学学历视为行政,监察,技术和管理职位的必备要求。然而,大学并不是对所有人都适合。有的学生没有准备好,而有的学生更合适相关领域的教育–这时通用的大学教育并不是那么有用。

Career goals can drive those students who have a specific career in mind. They may want to be an attorney, a doctor, a scientist, an accountant or a social worker, etc. Students who know where they are trying to go usually have an advantage over students who are confused and less focused. Other students may have already entered the world of work and have come to recognize that their career progress may depend on obtaining a degree in their specialty or perhaps in business and management. Such students may attend college on a part-time basis, often at night or on weekends.
有的人也许想从事律师,医生,科学家,会计或者社工等职业。知道自己想做什么的学生通常比对前途迷惑或者并不如此关注的学生更有优势。而有一些学生可能已经参加过工作并开始意识到他们的基业发展可能取决于在他们的专业学位,或在商业和管理可能。这样的学生可以参加兼职的基础上大学,经常是在晚上或周末。

Money affects the decisions of some students. These students may select their career direction based on the amount of money they think they can make in that field. People with college degrees often hold higher positions and earn considerably more money than people without a degree, in similar positions.
金钱会影响一些学生的决策。这些学生可能根据其在相关领域能赚到多少钱来决定所选择职业方向。持有学位的人通常比相似职位而没有学位的人的职位更高并能赚更多的钱。

Highly desirable degrees, from the most well-respected colleges, can put high performing students on a career fast track.

Other interests will motivate some students to attend college. Those interests can include a love of learning, athletics, the arts, science, politics and even friendship may come into play (to follow a girl/boyfriend) or for social reasons (meet members of the opposite sex). In other cases, students may attend college by default. These students may go to college simply because all of their friends are going or they don’t have a job and don’t have a better alternative.
还有一些其它的利益会激励学生去上大学。这样的利益包括喜欢学习、体育、艺术、科学、 政治,甚至友情也会发挥作用(如结交男女朋友或寻找异性)。在其它一些事例中,学生选择上大学仅仅是因为他们的朋友也去上大学,或者他们没找到工作或者找朋友更好的选择。

Ultimately, upon graduation from college, most young adults will be starting a new job, going on to Graduate School or seeking a full-time job. And so,the reason that most students are going to college is to obtain the knowledge, wisdom, experience and successes that will impress potential employers and help them land a good job or get into Graduate School.If students and parents accept this statement, the question then becomes, what can students do to impress potential employers or help them get into Graduate School?And so, if students want to improve the odds for being successful after graduation, they must make the most of the entire four-year college experience.
最终,从大学毕业之后,大部分年轻人都将开始新的工作,去读研深造或者寻找一份全职工作。因此,大部分学生去上大学的原因是为了获取知识、智慧、经验以及成就,以此来给潜在的雇主留下深刻的印象,并帮助他们自己找到一份好工作或者能顺利读研。如果学生和家长接受这样的事实,那么问题就变成了学生能做什么来打动潜在的雇主或帮助他们深造。这样的话,如果学生想毕业后正在改善成功的可能性,他们必须使整个四年的大学生涯过得有意义。

Employers and Graduate Schools look for seven things:
雇主和研究生院注重以下七点:

  1. Academic success usually means a “B” average or better. Many employers and Graduate Schools will not even consider you if you don’t meet their academic standards.
    学业上的成功通常是指B或者更好。如果你没有达到这个标准的话许多雇主或研究生院并不会考虑录用你。
  2. The quality of your college education refers to the rating, reputation and status of your college.
    你大学教育的质量等级,这指的是你的大学的评极、名气以及地位。
  3. A well-rounded college experience.
    – Participation in clubs and athletic activities
    – Work experience
    – Community activities
    – Campus events and activities
    – Willingness to try things
    一份全面的大学经历,这包括:参加社团或者体育活动、工作经验、社区活动、学院活动以及愿意尝试事物。
  4. Successes, accomplishments and results.
    – Leadership roles and experiences in your area of interest
    – Demonstrated strengths that differentiate you from others
    – Communication skills (speak, write, present, listen, teach, etc.)
    – Examples of competence with technology and computers
    – Ability to build relationships and function in a team environment
    – Examples of having accepted responsibility
    – Ability to overcome obstacles
    – Willingness to be held accountable
    成就,成绩和结果。
    -在感兴趣的领域中的领导作用和经验
    – 能展示将你与他人区分开来的优势
    – 沟通技巧(说,写,展示,听,教等)
    – 与技术和计算机能力的例子
    – 能够在团队环境中建立良好关系和作用的能力
    – 有承担责任的例子
    – 有能力克服障碍
    – 愿意承担责任
  5. A powerful resume that presents the student’s assets and capabilities.
    一份强劲的简历来展现学生的资格与能力。
  6. Outstanding communication and interviewing skills.
    杰出的沟通能力与面试技能。
  7. Strong references from professors, advisors, coaches, employers, community leaders and other impressive people.
    教授,顾问,教练,(先前)雇主,社区领导或其它重要人物的强烈推荐。

These seven items are the keys to success as students attempt to enter the world of work or be accepted to a desirable Graduate School. If students want their careers to get off on the best foot after college, each student should keep these items in the forefront, as they progress through their college experience.
以上七点是学生成功打开工作的大门或能读研的关键。如果学生希望他们的事业能在大学毕业后取得最好的一面,每个学生都应该将这几点牢记,因为他们将在整个学习过程中不断进步。

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